multilingual secondary education for everyone

About Holi-Frysk


Regional and minority languages, such as Frisian, are growingly coming into contact with migrant languages, as more migrants move to officially bi- or multilingual regions in Europe. Schools, already struggling to meet the standards for the national and foreign languages in the curriculum, are thus faced with the need to update their take on languages. However, how to handle this variety of languages in practice is unknown to many schools and teachers. While some research on holistic approaches (also called plurilingual approaches) for primary education has been carried out, secondary schools still remain under-explored. 


The project addresses this issue in the context of secondary education in the bilingual region of Friesland. The aims of the project are:


  1. To develop an intervention which aims to create more positive attitudes for teachers and pupils towards (learning) the Frisian language and multilingualism. This intervention consists of the development of activities which are based on the specific questions or issues of the participating schools.
  2. To investigate the effects of this intervention on the attitudes of teachers and pupils, the proficiency of the pupils in Frisian and the multilingual didactics of the teachers.



The project has a bottom-up set-up:

  • Question about multilingualism issue from the school
  • Activity proposal from the project team by means of a matrix
  • Implementation of the activity by the teacher
  • Feedback of teacher on activity by means of an evaluation form
  • Optimisation of activity for the online toolbox

Holi-Frysk 2.0

Holi-Frysk 1.0